Q: I have a
dog who barks at night and bothers the neighbors.Do I have a halachic obligation to bring him
into the house so he won't bother them?
Certainly.By the way,
if one takes care of his dog properly he will not bark all the time.
Names and Shiduchim
Q: Regarding Shiduchim, does
one need to check with a Rabbi to make sure the names are compatible?
A: There is no such thing
(And when Ha-Rav Ovadiah Yosef was asked this same question, he responded: I
don't believe in this.People who
encourage others to do so cause couples who can marry to separate).
Q: Is it permissible to give
Maaser to help free Jonthan Pollard?
A: Yes.Redeeming captives is the highest form of
giving Tzedakah.Baba Batra 8.
Passing Along a Text Message
Q: I received a text message
on Whatsapp with a warning that if I do not pass it along to 20 people, my Mom
will be stricken with cancer.I am really
A: It is completely made up nonsense.May Hashem have mercy on the fools who
Q: What is the
source behind the custom of going to the cemetery before a wedding and inviting
one's relatives who have passed away?
A: The Zohar (Parashat Balak
and Pinchas), where it is said that ancestors in the World-to-Come participate
in their descendants' joyous occasions.And this is the custom of many people (Nita'ei
Gavriel – Nissuim 4:7.And the Gerrer
Rebbe, the "Imrei Emet", told his son to visit the Kotel and Kever
Rachel before his wedding).
Q: Is it permissible to Daven
in a Chabad Shul which has a picture of the Lubavitcher Rebbe next to the Ark
facing the congregation?
A: It is in fact forbidden to
hang a picture like this in a Shul, but it is permissible to Daven there on the
side that is not in front of the picture.
Shaliach Tzibur and Kavanah
Q: If I am serving as a
Shaliach Tzibur and have proper Kavanah, my Davening takes a long time and
causes "Tircha De-Tzibura - a burden on the congregation".What should I do?
A: You should not cause a
"Tircha De-Tzibura", since a person should not have more Kavanah at
the expense of other people, just as one may not Daven out loud in order to
have more Kavanah since it will disturb others (And when Ha-Rav Herschel
Schachter was in mourning for his father, he did not serve as Shaliach Tzibur,
since he Davens at length and did not want to burden the congregation).
Q: Rashi states that he
intends to explain the simple meaning of the text.Why then does he quote Midrashim?
A: He brings Midrashim that
explain the simple meaning (Rashi on Bereshit 3:8).
Measurements of Ha-Rav Chaim
Na'eh and the Chazon Ish
Q: How do we rule in the
dispute between Ha-Rav Chaim Na'eh and the Chazon Ish regarding halachic
measurements (for example, the size of a "Kezayit")?Who is greater?
A: It makes no
difference.Ha-Rav Yosef Shalom Elyashiv
was asked: how could Ha-Rav Na'eh argue with the Chazon Ish? He answered that
the measurements of Ha-Rav Na'eh were practiced earlier and it was the Chazon
Ish who argued against them.The book
Yashiv Moshe p. 130 (see Noda Ba-Shiurim p. 271).
the shallow definitions of the Religious-Zionist and Charedi street, some say
Rav Kook was a Religious-Zionist and some say he was Charedi except for his
stance regarding Eretz Yisrael.Both are
wrong.Maran Ha-Rav Kook was Charedi
from the sole of his foot to the top of his head, and even more than this: he
was more Charedi than the Charedim.It
is clear as day to anyone who knew him and to anyone who learns his books.And the same is true of Rabbenu Ha-Rav Tzvi
Yehudah, who was known by many people who are still alive today.
you will ask: But what about Rav Kook's attitude towards Eretz Yisrael, Zionism
and the Redemption?These issues do not
detract from his Charedi-ism but add to it.Maran Ha-Rav Kook did not invalidate Charedi-ism with his views but added
to it an additional, forgotten level.
what is Charedi-ism?Fear of Hashem,
being strict on oneself to perform difficult Mitzvot as well as easy ones,
self-sacrifice for learning Torah, distancing oneself from corrupt culture,
providing children with pure education, etc.If so, Maran Ha-Rav Kook was certainly Charedi.
fact, liberal Orthodox groups in Israel declare that although they greatly
respect Maran Ha-Rav Kook, he is not the guiding force for them.Each issue is decided on its own merits.As a result, they reject Charedim as being outside
of their "box", they are against stipends for Charedi Yeshivot and
they spread many lies about the Charedim.There are certainly many problems in the Charedi world, and their Rabbis
acknowledge as much, but this is no reason to cast aspersions at them.
Maran Ha-Rav Kook was more Charedi than the Charedim.How so? He was the Divine agent for working not only to
perfect the individual, but also to perfect of the entire community, i.e. the
revival of the Nation of Israel in its Land, which is a more difficult realm
than working to perfect an individual.Matters relating to the entire community are always more complicated
than matters relating to the individual.It is more complicated to be David, King of Israel, who was completely
holy, than an individual Tzadik hidden away in one's room.
if a person who is closed off in his own individual world, as we were in the
Exile, must be equally careful in performing easy and difficult Mitzvot, then this
is all the more so true for we who are involved with matters regarding the
Nation, the army, the economy, politics, societal issues, etc.
we – students of Maran Ha-Rav Kook – serve Hashem with all our heart, with all
our soul and with all our might.
Is it permissible to learn Torah on "Nittel Nacht" (Christmas Eve)?
There is a custom among some Chasidim not to learn Torah on "Nittel
Nacht" in order not to contribute positive spiritual powers to idolatry.
The Lubavitcher Rebbe related in a talk in the name of his father-in-law, the
Rebbe Rayatz, that the 5th Lubavitcher Rebbe, the Rebbe Rashab, played chess on
"Nittel Nacht" (Parashat Vayeshev, 1st Night of Chanukah 5750). And
this was indeed the custom of the Lubavitcher Rebbe until midnight of
"Nittel Nacht" (see Sha'arei Halachah U-Minhag vol 3 pp. 64-67.There is a famous picture of the Lubavitcher
Rebbe and his father-in-law, the Friediker Rebbe, playing chess on Nittel Nacht).
But our custom is that one needs to learn Torah on that night, just like every
night. Some explain that the reason for not learning Torah of that night is
that the Christians would become impassioned on their holiday, would go out and
kill Jews (Ta'amei Ha-Minhagim p. 500). We therefore would need to stand guard
instead of learning Torah (Ta'amei Ha-Minhagim p. 500). Baruch Hashem,
Christians do not act this way today and we need to learn a lot of Torah.
the way, it is told in the book "Siach Sarfei Kodesh" (p. 192) that
when the last Lubavitcher Rebbe was sitting shiva, the Satmar Rebbe, Ha-Rav
Yoel Teitelbaum, paid a shiva call and asked him: Why do we observe the night
of "Nittel Nacht" according to the non-Jewish calendar (which is
forbidden) instead of according to the Jewish calendar? The Lubavitcher Rebbe
answered that we do not learn on that night in order not to give spiritual
strength to the god of the Christians and we therefore observe it on the night
that they celebrate, which is according to their calendar. And – he added – we
must therefore be aware when they celebrate this holiday in the place we are located.
In most places, their holiday is on December 25th, but it other places it is on
a different day (For example, January 6th). In such places, that is the night
of "Nittel Nacht".
as we said, our custom is to learn a lot of Torah on that night. And Ha-Rav
Moshe Sternbuch wrote that this custom was unknown in Lithuania and it is only
a custom among Chasidim (Shut Teshuvot Ve-Hanhagot 1:551). The Chazon Ish would
learn on "Nittel Nacht," and said that it was forbidden to waste time
from learning on this night and he criticized those who did not learn on that
night. The Steipler Gaon would also learn on "Nittel Nacht," but did
so by heart so as not to upset those who have the custom not to learn. The
Steipler Gaon also requested not to be informed when Nittel Nacht is so that he
would not have to waste time from his learning (Orchot Rabbenu vol. 1 p. 193).
And Ha-Rav Ovadiah Yosef has written that no such custom exists among Sefardic
Jews (Shut Yabia Omer vol. 7 Yoreh Deah #20). The Lubavitcher Rebbe also writes
that this custom does not exist in Eretz Yisrael (Sha'arei Halachah U-Minhag
ibid. p. 67), even though it seems that some do have this custom in Eretz
Q: Is it permissible to work in a travel agency since I may
need to help someone plan a trip outside Eretz Yisrael?
A: It is permissible since it may be a trip permissible
according to the Halachah.And regarding
"Do not place a stumbling block", if one is uncertain that the person
will transgress the Halachah, we are "Tolim" (literally
"hanging" on the assumption) that he will not violate it (Mishnah
Living with One's Parents after Marriage
Q: After getting married, it is preferable to rent a small apartment
or live with my parents in a bigger apartment and save money?
A: Rent an apartment in order to build an independent life
(After all, the Torah says: "Therefore a man leaves his father and mother
and cleaves to his wife, and they become one flesh".Bereshit 2:24).
One's Rabbi's Rabbi
Q: Is a person obligated to honor his Rabbi's Rabbi?Is it a dispute?
A: The Rama rules that one must do so (Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh
Deah 242:21.But one honors his Rabbi
more than his Rabbi's Rabbi.Shach #40).
Kashrut of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel
Q: I hold that the Kashrut of the Chief Rabbinate is not
Kosher.How can they cause so many
people to stumble by eating non-Kosher food?
A: It is Kosher like all other Kosher supervisions and
actually even better than the others.It
is also forbidden (in Israel) to eat from another Kosher supervision without
the restaurant or products having the Kashrut of the Chief Rabbinate.But there is a real doubt whether it is permissible
to eat your food, since one who denigrates Torah scholars is a heretic.You are therefore obligated to do Teshuvah
How Do I Get to the Temple Mount?
Q: If A Jew asks me in the Old City: How do I get to the
Temple Mount?, is it permissible for me to tell him?
A: No.It is forbidden
on account of placing a stumbling block before the blind, and aiding and
strengthening someone who is transgressing.You should therefore say: I do not know, meaning, I do not know of a way
to permit this act (It is told about Ha-Rav Eliyahu Lapian that he was invited
to eat a few times and he did not want to embarrass the one inviting him.He therefore said that the doctor forbade him
from eating the particular food that would be served. And he explained to his
students with a smile that he was not lying, G-d forbid, since the Rambam was a
doctor! Lev Eliyahu Volume 1, p. 18 in
Question from Another Community
Q: What is the Halachah in our community...
A: You are obligated to ask the Rabbi there (Ha-Rav Moshe
Feinstein related that he once received a letter from the Chinuch Atzma'ei in
Eretz Yisrael regarding a dispute between Ha-Rav Yechezkel Abramsky and Ha-Rav
Zalman Sorotzkin, and asked for his opinion on the matter.He said that he does not interfere with
matters relating to Eretz Yisrael, and the authorities there must answer the
question.He said that the Rabbi from
Minsk should not interfere in question of the Rabbi from Pinsk.It is known that Reb Moshe was an expert in
Seder Zeraim and even had a manuscript of his commentary on Seder Zeraim in the
Yerushalami, but he did not publish it since he did not want to interfere with
rulings of Mitzvot relating to Eretz Yisrael.Meged Givot Olam Volume 1, p. 55.Volume 2, pp. 31-32).
Question: Is it true that there is a unique relationship
within one's family even if there are harsh disagreements?
Answer: Yes.Family is
unique.Ha-Rav Moshe Tzvi Neriya related
that Ha-Rav Moshe Leib Shachor was a regular visitor to the house of the
Brisker Rav, Ha-Griz Soloveitchik, and also one of the great admirers of Maran
Ha-Rav Kook.Rav Shachor tried to
explain to the Brisker Rav, how Maran Ha-Rav Kook brought those far from Torah
closer and how he publicly led in this spirit.But the Brisker Rav's way was diametrically opposed, and he did not
accept his explanation.Rav Shachor saw
that the Brisker Rav harshly criticized the leaders of the Mizrachi in general
and specific individuals in particular, but he never mentioned Ha-Rav Meir Bar
Ilan, the Netziv's son in his old age and one of the Mizrachi leaders.Furthermore, when Rav Bar Ilan would visit,
the Brisker Rav would warmly greet him.Rav Shachor asked about this behavior, and the Brisker Rav said:
"R' Meir is my uncle"!Rav Shachor
took the opportunity again to explain Maran Ha-Rav Kook's leadership, which
along with his fundamental philosophy, also included a deep love for every Jew,
and he added: "To Rav Kook every Jew is considered an uncle..."
(Moadei Ha-Re'eiyah p. 306).
We once heard Ha-Rav Herschel Schachter (Rosh Yeshiva at YU)
relate in the name of Ha-Rav Zevulun Charlap (who served as Dean of RIETS
Yeshiva at YU and as a Rav in the Bronx), grandson of Ha-Rav Yaakov Moshe
Charlap (Rav of Shaarei Chesed Neighborhood in Yerushalayim and one of Rav
Kook's closest students), that this story with the Brisker Rav and Rav Shachor
was known in his family.Rav Charlap
added, however, that the Brisker Rav said that while Rav Shachor's understanding
of Rav Kook was sharp, it was not according to the Halachah.After all, there is a concept of one's seven
closest relatives for which there are special Halachot based on the verse:
"From your flesh (relative) do not turn a blind eye" (Yeshayahu 58:7),
and not everyone is considered a relative.
It is possible to answer the Brisker Rav's difficulty,
however, based on the Gemara in Shabbat (105b) which says that when a Sage dies
everyone is his relative, i.e. everyone tears his garment over a Torah
scholar's passing (see Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh Deah 340:6).And if everyone is considered a Torah
scholar's relative in his death, it is all the more so true in his life.
Is there a source for celebrating one's birthday?
There is no early source besides the Torah's mention of Pharoah's
birthday.There is no mention in the
Mishnah, Gemara, Rambam or Shulchan Aruch.The Aderet harshly opposed birthday celebrations.The book "Nefesh David".And some authorities opposed it on account of
"Chukot Ha-Goyim" – non-Jewish customs.But one may permit it since it is a custom
based on a rational reason.The Chazon
Ish did not celebrate his birthday in any way (in the name of Ha-Rav Chaim Kanievski.Segulot Raboteinu p. 350).And Rabbenu Ha-Rav Tzvi Yehudah said that there
is some value in celebrating one's birthday on condition that one does a
Cheshbon Nefesh (taking an account of one's spiritual state) on that day.
I was not accepted into an elite combat unit in Tzahal and I received a lowly
position.Why should I even go to the
Every position in the army is incredibly important."For as
the share of him who goes down into battle is the same share of one who stays
with the equipment, they shall share alike" (Shmuel 1 30:24).
Free Choice for Animals
Q: What is the source that animals have free choice?
A: There is none.
Hallel over the Yom Kippur War
Q: we recite Hallel on Yom Yerushalayim for the miracle of
our salvation during the Six-Day War.Why
then don't we do the same for the miracle of our salvation during the Yom
A:It is included in
the Hallel of Yom Ha-Atzmaut, just as all the miracles of the original conquest
of the Eretz Yisrael are included in the Hallel of Pesach.And Yom Yerushalayim is unique (See the book
"Milchemet Yom Ha-Kippurim" of Ha-Rav Menachem Mendel Kasher).
Correcting Your Wife
Q: If my wife is saying a Dvar Torah at the Shabbat Table and
she makes a mistake, should I correct her?
A: This is a good question, but don't ask me, ask your wife.
Choosing a Doctor
Q: I need a medical procedure.Should I turn to a private doctor or use a
doctor from my Kupat Cholim? [In Israel, there is socialized health care and each
person belongs to one of the health-care providers]
A: If it is a routine medical procedure, a doctor from your
Kupat Cholim.If it is a more complex
procedure, then a better doctor, if you have the money (Ha-Rav Moshe Feinstein
once needed to have a pacemaker implanted, and his family said that he should
wait for the world expert to do it rather than a regular doctor.Reb Moshe listened to their advice.After the procedure, he needed to return to
the hospital because the procedure was not so successful and had to be
fixed.Reb Moshe once said: "I made
a mistake in waiting for that special doctor, since I was shown from the
Heavens that a doctor does not have to be the greatest expert, a regular doctor
will suffice and the rest is dependent on Hashem".Reshumei Aharon of Ha-Rav Aharon Felder
Volume 1, p. 27).
Cohanim in Ma'arat Ha-Machpelah
Q: We are Cohanim and follow Maran Ha-Rav Kook and do not
enter Ma'arat Ha-Machpelah.But our son
is distressed when all the kids in his class enter and he remains outside with
me.What should I do?
A: Compensate in another fashion (See Shut She'eilat Shlomo
3:329.Piskei Shlomo Volume #2 in
section on Kedushat Cohanim).
It is lucky that Yehudah the Maccabee did not ask
politicians, because if he had they would have told him that one must consider
the possible international pressure, and he would have sat and deliberated and
It is lucky that he did not ask too many military strategists
and experts, because they would have told him that there is no chance of
delivering "the strong into the hands of the weak," and they would
have broken his spirit.
It is lucky that he did not ask statisticians, because they
would have revealed to him the secret that we are "the few against the
many," and he would have been afraid of the demographic demon.
He also did not ask Roshei Yeshiva, because if he had, they
would have ruled that it is forbidden for yeshiva students to interrupt their
Torah learning, and then there would not have been a delivering of "the
heretics into the hands of those involved in Your Torah".
He also did not ask too many Rabbis, because if he had, they
would have told him that it is forbidden to challenge the nations of the world,
and that we do not rely on a miracle, especially where there is a real
potential for danger, etc., etc...
He also did not ask the humanists, because they would have confided
to him that one soul of Israel is worth more than a few kilometers of land and
is more costly for the Nation.
He certainly did not ask those who are pure-of-heart, because
they would have depressed his spirit, and preached to him that it is not proper
to kill or to be killed.
He did not ask deep thinkers, because – with their great
depth - they would have confused him and stopped him with discussions of the
order of priorities: Perhaps the Nation takes precedence, etc., etc...
He did not ask the pacifists, because they would have
illuminated his eyes to the greatness of peace, and told him that one should
never use violence, and that goodwill will resolve everything.
He did not ask too many questions, but he fulfilled his
national and spiritual obligation.He
jumped into the lion’s den, with amazing self-sacrifice into the great battle
which saved Israel. And then all of the politicians, all of the strategists,
all of the statisticians, all of the Roshei Yeshiva, all of the Rabbis, all of
the humanists, all of the pure-of-heart, all of the thinkers, and all of the
pacifists became sages after the fact, and they lit Chanukah lights as a
remembrance of the victory, and these lights illuminate our lives from those
days until this time.
We do not have children.Is it
worthwhile to move, since changing one's place is one of the things which can
change one's luck?
The Rambam (Hilchot Teshuvah 2:4) cited the opinion of our Sages that one can
change an evil decree by changing his location.It is not, however, magic.If a
person changes his place he will not see miracles and wonders.The Rambam explained that if he repents in a
serious way, he changes his "location".This means, "I seriously repented and I
am no longer the same person in the same place."This certainly changes the decree of a
person.This is also brought in the
responsa attributed to the Ramban #285.The essence is to repent, pray and give Tzedakah (And a Yeshiva student,
who for a few years did not merit having children, asked Ha-Rav Aharon Yehudah
Leib Shteinman: Is it worthwhile to move?Rav Shteinman responded harshly: There is no such thing!Is the apartment guilty that you have not
merited having children!?There is no
reason to move.Segulot Raboteinu pp.
from the Torah
Is it possible to learn physics from the Torah?
But the Vilna Gaon did?
You are not the Vilna Gaon.
Berachot on Skype
If we are having Sheva Berachot and we have 9 men, is it permissible to add
someone via Skype?
No (And this is the ruling in the book "Derech Atarim" of Rav Avraham
Maimon Ha-Levi #4).
Before Immersion in Mikveh
Is it permissible for a man to shower before immersing in the Mikveh?
Our Sages decreed that a woman should not bathe after immersion in the Mikveh.Women used to bathe after immersing in a Mikveh
since they did not immerse in clean Mikvaot as we have today.They immersed in pits of water which were
filled with mud and they emerged filthy, so they bathed afterwards.As a result, people began to believe that
both the Mikveh and the bathing were required for purification.The Rabbis therefore decreed that it is forbidden
to bathe after immersing in the Mikveh (Shabbat 14a and Rama to Shulchan Aruch,
Yoreh Deah 201:75).We have similar
problems in our time.Although our Mikvaot
are extremely clean, there are women who are sensitive and feel that they need
to bathe after the Mikveh.And a man's
immersion in the Mikveh is less strict than a woman's immersion (since in the
majority of cases he is not obligated to immerse), therefore a man is obligated
to take a shower before immersion in order to not make the Mikveh dirty.And Ha-Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach would bathe
before and after immersion in the Mikveh.The students asked why he acted this way.Ha-Rav Shlomo Zalman said: I shower
beforehand to fulfill "love your fellow as yourself" - so I do not
make the Mikveh dirty and I shower afterwards because of those who do not
fulfill "love your fellow as yourself" (Ve-Aleihu Lo Yibol vol. 2, p.
on Har Ha-Bayit
Which is preferable – to Daven Minchah on my own on the Har Ha-Bayit or with a
It is a severe prohibition to enter the Har Ha-Bayit, as the Chief Rabbinate of
Israel rules.Maran Ha-Rav Kook and
Rabbenu Ha-Rav Tzvi Yehudah also ruled this way.
Is one required to stand during the Israeli National Anthem, Ha-Tikvah?What is the source?
Yes, just as everyone else, as Hillel says: Do not separate from the community
(Pirkei Avot 2:5).
Question: Does a
person who learns Torah but does not teach, answer questions, serve as a Rabbi,
etc. have influence on a community?
Certainly.The Gemara at the end of
Ketubot (104a) relates that Rebbe Yehudah Ha-Nasi was suffering terribly.His maidservant saw and prayed that he should
die but the Sages prayed that he should not die. In the book "Midbar
Shur," in his eulogy for Ha-Rav Yitzchak Elchanan Spector (pp. 332-336),
Maran Ha-Rav Kook asks: Why did the Sages pray that he should not die?Their view is difficult to understand.After all, Rebbe Yehudah Ha-Nasi was
bed-ridden, suffering, could not teach or give halachic rulings, and was
seemingly of no benefit to this world.If he would ascend on High, he would continue to teach Torah there.So why didn't they pray for him to die?Maran Ha-Rav Kook explains that the influence
of a great Torah scholar is not only through his teaching, halachic rulings,
etc., but also in the presence of his holy soul in this world.The fact that his soul is located in this
world brings blessing, even when he is unable to provide practical benefit, is
closed in a room and cannot converse with others.This is similar to the Vilna Gaon, who for
many years was closed in a room learning Torah.The world without Rebbe Yehudah Ha-Nasi is
not the same as a world with Rebbe Yehudah Ha-Nasi.
And when Rabbenu Ha-Rav Tzvi Yehudah taught us this idea, he
would say that Maran Ha-Rav Kook also suffered greatly, and he told him: Each
and every moment that Abba is in this world, despite the suffering, he brings
it light. And Rabbenu would relate this with tears in his eyes.
insight also answers a difficulty in Rashi (see Klei Yakar).At the beginning of Parashat Vayetze, the
Torah says: "And Yaakov left Beer Sheva and went to Charan"
(Bereshit 28:10).Rashi makes the
comment that when a Tzadik leaves a city it makes an impression.The commentators ask: Why does Rashi comment
on Yaakov leaving the city?What about
when Avraham left to go to Egypt?What
about when Yitzchak went to Gerar?They
were certainly Tzadikim!Why doesn't
Rashi point out that their departure made an impression?The answer is that it is obvious that
Avraham's departure made an impression.He was a man of Chesed and welcomed everyone in!His tent had openings on all sides.And when Yitzchak left, it certainly made an
impression.He was well-known and
planted all over Eretz Yisrael.But
Yaakov, at this point in his life, was always learning Torah in the Beit
Midrash, "A simple man who learned in tents" (Bereshit 25:27).He was closed off from everyone.We might think that if someone who
"just" learns Torah and doesn't interact with others leaves a city,
it won't make an impression.Rashi
therefore mentions this idea in connection to Yaakov, as opposed to Avraham and
Yitzchak, to teach us that the opposite is true: Someone who learns Torah has
an incredible influence on his place even if he is simply learning Torah on his
To Enrich the spiritual life of the English-speaking World through the Torah of Ha-Rav Shlomo Aviner, Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivat Ateret Yerushalayim in the heart of the Old City of Jerusalem. By offering English translations of Rav Aviner’s written and oral Torah, this division of the yeshiva aims to expose English speakers to a powerful, sensitive and poetic voice unparalleled in our time. His unfailing optimism, his tolerance and love all Jews, his guidance for harmony within the Jewish family and his dedication to Eretz Yisrael, the State of Israel and Tzahal will inspire and enrich the lives of all who may now have access to his words.