Shir Ha-Ma'alot #23

The fallen Sukkah of David - addition for Sukkot

In the Talmud, it is told that one Sage asked his colleague:
- Have you heard when "Son of the fallen" [Bar Nafleh] will come, from among the fallen?- Who is "Son of the fallen"?
- The Messiah.
- You call the Messiah "Son of the fallen"?!
- Yes, as it is written: On that day I will raise up the sukkah of David which is fallen [ha-nofelet] (Amos 9:11, Sanhedrin 96b).

Maran Ha-Rav Avraham Yitzhak Ha-Cohain Kook explained that these fallen are all kinds of messiahs who arose and fell, and the true Messiah comes as a continuation of them (Le-Netivot Yisrael vol. 1, 37). The common denominator between them is the protest against the essence of the Exile, its subjugation and its darkness, its impurity and its decay (ibid.). The true Messiah will sprout from the midst of the experiences of falling.