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Short & Sweet - Text Message Q&A #375


Preparing Eulogy Before Person Dies
Q: Is it permissible to prepare a eulogy for a person who seems to be close to dying?
A: Yes.  There is no Ayin Ha-Ra in doing so.

Counting Someone who Visits Har Ha-Bayit in Minyan
Q: Is it permissible to count some who visits Har Ha-Bayit in a Minyan?
A: Certainly.  One should not visit Har Ha-Bayit and one should not act this way to someone who does.

Video Game With Murdering People
Q: Is it permissible to play a video game which involves murdering "people"?
A: "Do not murder".  It is not a game.

Knowledge of the Deceased
Q: Does my grandfather z"l know that I named my son after him?
A: Certainly.  And he is happy.

Lighting and Thunder during Torah Learning
Q: Does one pause from Torah learning to recite a blessing on lighting and thunder?
A: Yes.  Just as one pauses from Torah learning for a fleeting Mitzvah (Moed Katan 9b.  And this was the practice of Ha-Admor Imrei Sofer of Erlau.  And he also said that if he is learning with students, this is an opportunity to teach them how to properly recite the blessings.  Halichot Ve-Hanhagot Imrei Sofer Volume 1 p. 157 and note #15).

Ice Cream Cone as Mishloach Manot
Q: Is ice cream in a cone considered two separate foods in relation to Mishloach Manot?
A: No.  In general, the cone is nullified by the ice cream.  The same is true in the case of a Krembo, in which the whipped cream sits atop a biscuit and is then covered in chocolate (see the "Krembo Song" of R' Aharon Razel).     

Talking during Anim Zemirot
Q: In our Shul, people chatter or leave during Anim Zemirot, when the Aron Ha-Kodesh is open.  Should we stop reciting it?
A: Yes.  But it is better for them to repent and change their behavior.  After all, we are talking about religious people.

Rental Agreement
Q: In our rental agreement it is written that the renter may not make changes in the apartment, and if they do, they must pay to have the apartment restored to its original state.  Is it permissible to make changes and then restore them?
A: It is permissible if they are minor, normal changes which are needed for living normally.

Stopping Dvar Torah of Groom or Bar Mitzvah in the Middle
Q: Why in some places do people interrupt and stop the Dvar Torah of a groom or Bar Mitzvah?
A: I heard in the name of the Belzer Rebbe, R' Aharon, that this custom is based on the Gemara in Berachot (57a) that it is a good sign if one sees himself Davening in a dream, but it is not a good sign if he sees himself finishing the Davening in a dream (brought in Ma'asei Choshev pp. 88-89).  I, the lowly one, hold that one should not interrupt and should allow them to complete the Dvar Torah, since interrupting them is disrespectful to the Torah. 

Learning in a dream
Q: Does one fulfill the Mitzvah of learning Torah if he learns Torah in his sleep?
A: No.  But his soul had an ascension in his dream by merit of the Torah he learned when he was awake (Although Ha-Rav Chaim Kanievsky once woke up and asked for some wine for a Siyum on a Massechet of Gemara that he learned while sleeping).

Short & Sweet - Text Message Q&A #374


Mishloach Manot Delivered by Drone
Q: If someone sends a Mishloach Manot by a drone does he fulfill the Mitzvah?
A: It is permissible, just as it is permissible to send a Mishloach Manot by a non-Jew or child, but one must be certain it arrives.  See Piskei Teshuvot 695:16 (and see Chidushei Chatam Sofer on Gittin 22:2 d.h. Ve-Ha Lav).

Tefilah in Meah Shearim
Q: I am a soldier in uniform passing through Meah Shearim and I need to Daven Minchah.  Should I Daven there or is it dangerous?
A: It is not dangerous.  The crazy people there are extremely small in number.

Name Change of Sick Person who Died
Q: My mother z"l was extremely sick and we add the name "Chaya" to her name.  She died a few days later.  Should we include the additional name in the prayer Kel Malei Rachamim, on the tombstone, etc.?
A: No.  The name remains only if one lived a month after it was added (See Shut Yad Sofer 1:2).

Musical Instruments during Davening
Q: In my Shul they began playing instruments during the Davening on Rosh Chodesh and Chol Ha-Moed.  They said it is to elevate the Davening.  I quietly left.  Am I correct?
A: You are correct.  We should certainly elevate the Davening, but through Yirat Shamayim - Fear of Heaven.

Anonymous Donation
Q: I want to donate books to my Shul in memory of a loved one.  Am I obligated to write in the book the name of the person for whom it is donated?
A: No.  Hashem knows.

Arm Tefilin for Person with Heart on Right side
Q: I am a Cardiologist.  There are some people who have their heart on the right side.  Do they then put the arm Tefilin on their right arms so it will be facing the heart?
A: No.  1. When the Gemara in Menachot (37a-b) says that the Tefilin should face the heart, it refers to the location of the Tefilin on the arm.  2. A left-handed person puts Tefilin on his right arm even though his heart is on the left side (Shut Eretz Tzvi 1:115.  Shaarei Halachah of Ha-Rav Zev Dov Slonim, who served as Rabbi of Mercaz Ha-Ir in Yerushalayim, Volume 1 #27).

Davening in Ezrat Nashim
Q: Can I Daven in the Ezrat Nashim when no women are there?
A: No.  1. In general, you will not be considered part of the Minyan.  2. Is it not the same level of holiness as the men's section.  3. Perhaps a woman will want to Daven there (Piskei Teshuvot 55:26).

XL Before Davening
Q: I wake up very tired and sometimes fall back asleep before Davening.  Coffee gives me a stomachache.  Is it permissible for me to drink XL before Davening to wake me up?
A: Yes.  There is no difference between XL and coffee.  It contains a lot of caffeine.  It is preferable to drink the type without sugar.  By the way, it is an unhealthy drink.

Smoking Drugs
Q: I am a teacher.  Should I tell my students that before I became a Baal Teshuvah, I smoked drugs and now - Baruch Hashem - I am far from that place?
A: No, lest they say: We can smoke drugs now and then do Teshuvah.

Short & Sweet - Text Message Q&A #373


The Rebbe as Mashiach
Q: How is it possible to say that the Lubavitcher Rebbe is not the Mashiach if he himself said that he is?
A: I do not know if he said this.  In any event, it does not say in the Torah that the Halachah always follows the last Lubavitcher Rebbe.  Rather, as in the case of opinions of all Rabbis, there are general principles that determine how to decide if there is a dispute.

Rules for Soldier Shooting His Gun
Q: The rules for when a soldier may shoot his gun do not make sense.  He has to think 10 times before shooting!
A: This is how it is in all the Western World.  We are signatories on the Geneva Convention, and we are obligated to follow those rules (even if some of them are incorrect), since we need international agreement in these areas, and the gain is greater than the loss.

Theatrical Megilah Reading
Q: There is a new phenomenon of Megilah reading with different voices and sounds, including naying horses, in order to bring the Megilah "to life".  Is this a good idea?
A: It is not good.  The Megilah reading is a Mitzvah which is to be fulfilled with awe of holiness, "Blessed are You Hashem, our G-d, King of the World, who has sanctified us with His Mitzvot…".  It is not a theater or circus.  What makes the Megilah "alive" is the saving of the Nation of Israel from death.  

Bringing Book to Wedding
Q: I see that Yeshiva students bring books to wedding and learn there.  Is this proper?
A: On condition that it is not at the expense of the main reason one attends a wedding, which is bringing joy to the groom and bride.  It is obviously proper to bring a book to learn when traveling to and from the wedding, and also during breaks.  There are however Gedolei Yisrael who refrain from bring books out of a fear that they will be so involved in the learning that they will forget to bring joy to the groom and bride (Ha-Rav Shmuel David Ha-Cohain Friedman, Magid Shiur in Kehal Shomrei Emunah and Kol Ha-Lashon, related that he heard from his father-in-law, Ha-Rav Feivel Sofer, who merited serving as the Shamash of Ha-Admor Reb Hershele of Spinka for 10 years, that the Admor would say that he does not bring a Sefer to a wedding, since the whole reason he is attending is to participate in his friend's, student's or relative's Simchah.  And if he is absorbed in learning, his thoughts are far away from participating in the Simchah.  If he did have some free time during the wedding, it was impossible for him to sit by idly.  He therefore looked at the guests at the Simchah, and tried to find a G-d-fearing Jew and learn a proper character trait or behavior from him.  If he did not find such a person, he looked at someone and learned how not to act.  In the introduction to the book 'Sedei Tzofim' on Moad Katan-Chagigah).      

Prayer for the Peace of the State of Israel
Q: Who wrote the Prayer for the Peace of the State of Israel?
A: The Chief Rabbi, Ha-Rav Yitzchak Isaac Herzog.  He sent it to Shai Agnon to be edited.

Lying in Survey
Q: Is it permissible for me to lie in a survey about the elections in order to strength a particular party?
A: No.

Wedding or House of Mourning
Q: If I am unable to go to both, which is preferable – to go to a wedding or to comfort a mourner?
A: If one of them is your family, then family takes precedence.  If not, then go to where you are most needed.  If you are needed equally in both places, then it is preferable to comfort a mourner.  Kohelet 7:2.

Missionary Literature
Q: I received a booklet from Missionaries with verses from the Tanach.  I heard that Ha-Rav said to throw such material in the garbage.  Should I throw it out immediately or can I bring it home and show my children that I am throwing it out?
A: Show your children (One time in the Yeshiva, Ha-Rav brought a booklet like this and threw it out in front of the students – M.T.).

Learning Torah with Screaming
Q: It is permissible to learn Torah with screaming?
A: If it does not bother others.

Criminal Donating Money to Shul
Q: In our Shul, a criminal made a large donation.  Is it permissible to benefit from the money which he received through committing a crime?
A: No.  But ask the Rabbi there.

Short & Sweet - Text Message Q&A #372


Sitting in Father's Place After His Death
Q: Is it permissible for a son to sit in his father's chair in Shul after his father's death?
A: Yes.  Honoring one's father after death does not include the prohibition of sitting in his place, which only applies during his lifetime (Rabbi Chaim Palagi in Shut Chaim Be-Yad #125:48.  Shut Yerech Yaakov, Yoreh Deah #14).

Repenting with Joy
Q: Since one must serve Hashem with joy, how does one repent with joy?
A: With the joy that one is performing Hashem's will.  Rambam at the end of Hilchot Sukkah Ve-Lulav.

Low IQ
Q: I have a low IQ.  Can I still be a Torah scholar?
A: Certainly.  Hashem wants you to be one.  Rambam, Hilchot Talmud Torah 3:1.  There are different levels among Torah scholars.

Professional Army
Q: Should Tzahal be a professional army, small and smart?
A: No.  Our army is a people's army.

Cohain Visiting Concentration Camps
Q: Is it permissible for a Cohain to visit the Concentration Camps?
A: Aside from the prohibition of leaving Eretz Yisrael, which applies to everyone, and other prohibitions involved, there is a fear of becoming impure at the Concentration Camps through contact with the dead on account of remnants of bones there.

Combat Service
Q: If a man has the ability to be a combat soldier in Tzahal, but decides to be drafted into a non-combat unit, does he still fulfill the Mitzvah of waging war to protect the Nation, conquer Eretz Yisrael, etc.?
A: Yes.  All military service is a Mitzvah.  Service in a combat unit is the highest form of the Mitzvah.

Davening Alone
Q: In my high school, the Rosh Yeshiva decided that if someone wakes up late and doesn't make it to Minyan, he has to Daven on his own, and cannot leave to find a Minyan elsewhere.  Do we have to obey him?
A: Someone who comes to learn at a Yeshiva does so on condition that he obeys the rules of the Rosh Yeshiva.  If it is not a good fit for him, he should transfer to another Yeshiva, since a person learns Torah in a place that his heart desires (Avodah Zarah 19a).

The Name "Yitzchak"
Q: Our son's name is Yitzchak.  We now heard that someone with this name can have troubles.  Should we change it?
A: Certainly not.  It is a wonderful name.  Yitzchak Avinu!

Settlers and Danger
Q: Is it possible that the State does not fully protect the communities in Yehudah and Shomron?
A: Not true.  The army invests huge amounts of its force to protect them, and the danger is minimal.  For example, security incidents there are certainly much fewer than traffic accidents.

Is Tzahal Trying to "De-Program" Religious Soldiers?


[Interview which appeared in the Jewish Press -
https://www.jewishpress.com/in-print/e-edition/413761/2019/02/01/]

Last week, the Israel Defense Forces announced that kosher supervisors will now be drawn from the ranks of female soldiers along with the men. While instruction courses were designed to be taught separately, after an insufficient number of female cadets registered, it was decided that men and women soldiers would study together. The new arrangement raised eyebrows in the Orthodox community which, time and again, during the tenure of former Chief of Staff, Gadi Eisencot, raised its voice in protest over a list of army ordinances which seemed to disregard, and even oppose the religious beliefs and sensitivities of Orthodox soldiers, decrees including beard regulations; women in combat units; ultra-liberal lecturers in the army education program; required attendance at ceremonies where women sing, and more. To clarify matters, the Jewish Press spoke with Israel’s Rabbi Shlomo Aviner, the Rosh Yeshiva of Ateret Yerushalayim in the Old City, and Rabbi of the town Bet El, author of more than a hundred books on Torah commentary and halacha.

We have sometimes heard Rabbis state that there exists a conscious effort on the part of Tzahal’s higher echelon to “de-program” religious soldiers from their allegiance to Torah. 
HaRav Aviner: “That isn’t true. There is a very minority of people who say such things, and the media blows it out of proportion to make a spicy story, but there is no secret conspiracy in Tzahal to strip religious soldiers of their beliefs. On the contrary, throughout all of the ranks there is a spirit of, “All for one and one for all.” Unity, concern for one’s fellow, and working together to achieve a common goal, characterize the attitude of soldiers, officers, and generals alike. Similar to every large group, there can be exceptions here and here, but overall, the IDF is exemplified by joint respect and brotherhood throughout the ranks.
“First we have to understand that the situation is not all bad. There are problems, and we work to improve everything that we can, but because there are problems, that doesn’t mean that the Israeli Army is traf, G-d forbid. The situation is not black and white. As the old saying goes, you have to be careful not to throw out the baby with the dirty bath water.
“When we speak about the Israel Defense Forces, we are speaking about ‘pekuach nefesh,’ meaning life and death. In this case, we are speaking about the life and death of all the Jews in Israel. We have to remember that Israel is surrounded by enemies. Hundreds of millions of enemies who want to destroy us. This is certainly ‘pekuach nefesh,’ and in a situation where life is at stake, such as when soldiers must go forth to battle, it is forbidden to weaken the ranks. This is forbidden by the Torah. If criticism of the army causes people to view the army in a critical light, to the point of refusing to serve in the army, this attitude weakens Tzahal and endangers the nation. Therefore, we have to be very careful when criticizing the army. We recognize the matters that demand correction, and we strive to correct them, but we must first have a feeling of respect for the IDF and its leaders, along with a feeling of gratitude that Hashem has given us a Jewish army to defend us from our enemies. Certainly Tzahal must respect the rules of modesty. The army is no place for women, and certainly no place for women combat soldiers. Without question, it must honor the rules of kashrut and Shabbat. Great progress has been made in these areas. The Army Rabbinate works around the clock to ensure that the beliefs and religious practices of dati soldiers are honored. Special religious units have been created for soldiers who want everything glatt kosher. There is the Hesder program that combines army service with Torah learning, and there are the Shachar and Nachal Yehuda programs for Haredi soldiers where there is no contact with women. Yes, there are matters that need correction, but because problems exist, we don’t reject the army. The same is true with the State of Israel. Certainly there are problems. Not everything is the way we want it to be. There are many foreign groups, organizations from Europe and the like, who invest great amounts of money to denude Israel of its holy Torah values, attempting within the army as well, and this is a phenomenon which must be opposed, but because of the problems, we don’t reject the gift we have received from the Master of the World. When a baby is born with some type of defect, we don’t throw it into the trash, G-d forbid. We do everything we can to heal the infant, with patience and love.”   

If a soldier finds himself in a compromising situation with a female soldier, what should he do?
Rav Aviner: “In such a situation, for example, if he is ordered to spend the night in a vehicle on guard duty with a woman soldier, he should inform his commander that he cannot follow the order – that he is willing to do a hundred other orders, but not this one, and he should refuse to obey the command.”

There are voices which insist that Torah study brings protection and strength to the nation – therefore students of Torah should not have to serve in the army.
HaRav Aviner: “Service in the Israel Defense Forces is a mitzvah. A person interrupts Torah study to daven shacharit. One interrupts Torah study to honor one’s parents, and so on. A person must study Torah for a solid period of time, and then serve in the army when the time and circumstance demands, then return to his studies or his chosen field of endeavor. The IDF allows Torah students to serve less time than regular soldiers, but some service is required of everyone, for three reasons: to save the life of the nation; to maintain Jewish sovereignty over the Land of Israel; and to avoid the Chillul Hashem of non-Jews defeating Israel in battle and conquering the Land which Hashem gave to the Jews. Moshe Rabeinu served in the army; Yehoshua served in the army; King David served in the army, etc. These holy heroes of the nation were great in military prowess and great in Torah.”

When a Jewish youth in the Diaspora reaches the age of army service, does he have the same obligation to serve in the IDF that young men in Israel have? 
HaRav Aviner: “Young Jewish men in the Diaspora have the obligation to make Aliyah, and out of that obligation, they have the duty to defend the people of Israel from the enemies which threaten the nation. Of course, Aliyah is not easy, and there are those, for whatever justifiable reason, are not capable of performing the mitzvah. But today in Israel, a livelihood is possible to find, Jewish education abounds, and olim can find comradery and support from others like them who have come to Israel from America, England, or France. The fact is that Jewish life in the Diaspora is not without dangers of its own. Sixty percent of Jews intermarry. Seventy-five percent see no reason why they shouldn’t marry out of the faith. According to trustworthy surveys, in the overall Diaspora population, the lack of Jewish identity has reached at a catastrophic low. It is a silent Holocaust. This makes the mitzvah of living in Israel even more imperative.”

When discussing the issue of Aliyah with Orthodox Jews from America, one often hears the argument that Rabbi Moshe Feinstein stated that Aliyah is not an obligation, but rather an optional mitzvah.
Rav Aviner: “We don’t purport to disregard the opinion of HaRav Feinstein, of blessed memory, but not everything that HaRav Feinstein said was agreed upon by all the Rabbis, just as not every decision of the Rambam was accepted as halacha. Today, the time of the great Rabbis of the Diaspora has come to an end. Indeed, there remains but a handful compared with days gone by. Today, the greatest concentration of Gedolim by far can be found in the Land of Israel. That fact speaks for itself. It is very difficult to find among them, someone who says that Aliyah is not an obligation. There are those who have a problem with recognizing the sanctity of the State of Israel, but, almost without exception, they all agree that today a Jew belongs in the Holy Land. The exaltedness of Eretz Yisrael is so great that many are against leaving the Land, even to participate in a wedding celebration. Our Sages inform us that living in the Land of Israel is equal in weight to all of the commandments of the Torah, so, of course, living here, and defending the nation and the Land, are supreme and holy mitzvot for each and every Jew.”

Short & Sweet - Text Message Q&A #371


Which Transgression is Worse
Q: Which transgression is worse between these two…?
A: It is forbidden to ask such question.  "We will listen and we will perform everything G-d told us" (Shemot 24:7).

Shidduch with Someone Who Visits Har Ha-Bayit
Q: I went on a Shidduch with a wonderful guy and he just told me he visits the Temple Mount.  Should I break it off?
A: No.  One needs Ahavat Yisrael.

Short Cut through Kotel Plaza
Q: Is it permissible to take a short cut through the Kotel Plaza, or is it forbidden just as it is forbidden to take a short cut through a Shul?
A: It is permissible.  It does not have the holiness of a Shul.  Only the cordoned off area is considered a Shul.

Spitting During Aleinu
Q: Is there an obligation to spit during Aleinu when one says "To nonsense and emptiness"?
A: No.  There are some, such as Chabad Chasidim, to belittle idol worship (Taz, Yoreh Deah 179:5).  Others refrain from doing so because it is impolite and an infringement on the holiness of the Shul (It is related in the book "She'eilat Rav" [Volume 1 p. 232] that Ha-Rav Yosef Shalom Elyashiv would make a movement with his lips as if he was spitting, but would not actually spit.  And it says in the book "Sefer Ha-Gan" that spitting is defined as sticking one's tongue out a bit, and this was what Ha-Admor Imrei Sofer of Erlau would do and spit a little bit.  Halichot Ve-Hanhagot Imrei Sofer Volume 1, p. 86 and in note #3.  Me-Mechitzat Zekeini p. 234.  And a woman once called Ha-Rav Mordechai Shmuel Ashkenazi, Rav of Kefar Chabad, and said that she forgot to spit during Aleinu.  He responded: Spit now.  In the book "Ha-Rav Mordechai Shmuel Ashkenzai p. 686).

Women Asking for Tzedakah in Shul
Q: In our Shul, women enter the men's area during the Davening to collect Tzedakah.  All of our requests for them to stop have not helped, nor have our threats to call the police.  What should we do?
A: Either call the police or put a guard at the door.

Yawning
Q: Is it true that one must cover one's mouth when he yawns so that his soul doesn't come out of his body?
A: Nonsense.  It is a superstition with Muslim roots that a yawn comes from Satan.  One should cover his mouth, however, because it suggests boredom and is impolite.  In actuality, there is no scientific explanation why we yawn.  There is, however, an explanation of "Mirror neuron" (why others yawn when they see someone else yawn).  By the way, animals also yawn.

Atonement for Speaking Ill of Someone in Public
Q: I spoke ill of a Torah scholar in public.  I apologized to him and he accepted my apology.  Do I have to write an apology letter to all those who heard it?
A: Yes.  A transgression in public must be atoned for in public.

Hidden Recording
Q: Is it permissible for me to record a discussion I have with a Rabbi without his knowledge?
A: No.  It is deceitful.  And the same applies to any person, not only a Rabbi. 

Book of Yonah
Q: Did the story of Yonah actually happen or is it a parable, as someone told me?
A: It is real (See Ha-Rav's commentary of the Book of Yonah).

Short & Sweet - Text Message Q&A #370


Additional Citizenship
Q: Is it worthwhile to apply for an additional citizenship, beside Israeli citizenship, since in the past having citizenship in another country saved Jews' lives?
A: No.  Israel is the safest place in the world for Jews.  Baruch Hashem, we have Tzahal, the dedicated messenger of Hashem.  In the year 5773, an Avreich send a letter to Ha-Rav Chaim Kaniensky asking if he should apply for British passports for his family (his parents were British citizens), out of a fear for what the Iranians would do to Israel.  Rav Kanievsky responded with the words of the Pesach Hagadah: "This [promise] is what has stood by our forefathers and by us!   For not one alone has risen against us to destroy us but in every generation they rise against us to destroy us, and The Holy One, Blessed Be He, saves us from their hand"!

Walking Under Ladder
Q: Is it forbidden to walk under a ladder?
A: It is a Christian superstition, since the form of the ladder creates a triangle, and a trinity is holy to them.  It is therefore forbidden for them to impinge upon it.  One should certainly be careful when one walks under a ladder so that it, or an object resting it, does not fall on him (Ner Be-Ishon Laila p. 234).

Medical Experiment
Q: Is it permissible for me to participate in a medical experiment for money, in which they extract some of my blood and then put it back without the white blood cells, or is it forbidden on account of the prohibition of wounding oneself?
A: It is permissible.  1. It is a small hole and not a wound, and it will heal.  2. It is a medical need.

Swiping the Letters of a Sefer Torah
Q: I received an Aliyah to the Torah and the Baal Keriyah told me not to swipe my Talit on the letters of the Torah but rather on the white part of the parchment.  Is he correct?
A: Yes.  There is fear of erasing the letters and invalidating the Sefer Torah, erasing Hashem's Name which is a violation of "Do not do so to Hashem your God" (Devarim 12:4) and, on Shabbat, of desecrating Shabbat by erasing (Shut Tzvi Tiferet of the Darchei Teshuvah #99 in the name of the Ha-Admor Sar Shalom of Belz.  Shut Hitorerut Teshuvah #365.  And so too in Nimukei Orach Chaim #139 that there is no halachah or act of piety involving kissing the letters themselves.  And in Shaarei Chaim [Shaar 4 #20] it is brought that the Shineva Rebbe, son of the Divrei Chaim, was careful to kiss the parchment where there was no writing.  Shaarim Metzuyanim Be-Halachah #23 ot 2.  The Admor of Erlau was also very particular regarding this.  Halichot Ve-Hanhagot Imrei Sofer Volume 1, p. 79 and footnote #18.  And Ha-Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach said that there is no need to even kiss the Sefer Torah.  He would bend down and kiss the Torah mantle.  Ve-Alehu Lo Yibol Volume 1, pp. 99-100.  Ha-Rav Moshe Feinstein, however, would swipe his Talit on the text itself.  Masoret Moshe Volume 3, p. 122).

Adding Name
Q: How does one add a name for an ill person?
A: 1. The prayer printed at the end of some editions of Tehilim.  2. Mi She-Beirach during an Aliyah, and mention the additional name.

Tachanun on the Day of Making Aliyah
Q: Should one recite Tachanun on the day he makes Aliyah,?
A: No.  And some say that the entire Minyan should not recite it.  The Rambam established a holiday on the day he made Aliyah (Ha-Rav Menashe Klein - the Ungavare Rav - also responded this way to the Admor of Slonim, since one who dwells in Eretz Israel does so without sin [Ketubot 111], and it is like a groom whose transgressions are forgiven, and therefore the Minyan does not recite Tanchanun.  Shut Mishneh Halachot 11:111.  This is unlike the opinion of Ha-Rav Chaim Kaniesky who holds that one should recite Tanchanun on the day of making Aliyah.  Le-Binyamin Amar p. 19).

Bald Woman
Q: Is a bald woman required to cover her head?
A: Yes.